This article is about the place in San Diego County. For the community in Los Angeles County with this name see Alpine (Los Angeles County, California). For other uses, see alpine (definition). For San Diego, see San Diego (County). Alpine is a town in the Cuyamaca Mountains in San Diego County, California, USA.
Alpine has a population of 14,236 at the time of the 2010 census, up from 13,143 at the 2000 census. Alpine is surrounded by Cleveland National Forest and borders two Kumeyaay Nation Reserves, Viejas Sycuan and a rural, unincorporated area of the town of El Cajon. Alpine Blvd is home to a small business district. As the name suggests, there was a resident in the 1880s who said that the surroundings reminded her of her home country of Switzerland.
Horse ranches and small farms are widespread along the open Chaparral slopes and gorges.
The area was part of the homeland of the Kumeyaay Indians before its modern settlement, whose ancestors lived there for at least 12,000 years. The location of the area is not clearly defined, but it is an unincorporated area. It is located on both sides of Interstate 8 between the eastern stretch of California coastline and the western stretch of the peninsular range, about 30 miles south of downtown San Diego and an altitude of approximately 2,000 feet.
According to the United States Census Bureau, it is 32,504N, 116deg4614W, 328,34563, 1167,70615,  1,200 feet (370 m) west of the intersection of Alpine Boulevard and Tavern Road. The intersection of the two streets is the place where most maps place the city. According to the U.S. Geological Survey, the city is 32 degrees 506N, 116 degrees 4559W, 328.350521, west of this intersection. The Kumeyaay tribes, the Ewiiaapaayp Band and the Viejas Band of Kumeyyaay Indians, are headquartered in the town of Alpine, which has a total area of 6.9 km2 with 99.99% land and 0.01% water.