La Mesa is a town in San Diego County, 14 km east of downtown San Diego in Southern California. It is part of Rancho El Cajon, a Mexican rancho scholarship held by Don Miguel de Pedrorena Californio Ranchero, a signator of California Constitution. At the 2010 census, the population was 57,065, up from 54,749 at the 2000 census. La Mesa means “table plateau” in Spanish and refers to its geography. Their civic motto is “The Jewel on the Hill.”.
In 2020, La Mesa was the scene of civil unrest following the murder of George Floyd in Minneapolis, Minnesota. An African-American grandmother was shot in the face with a bean bag by police. La Mesa’s official flower is the bougainvillea. The city was founded in 1869 and incorporated on February 16, 1912 according to the general laws of the state of California. La Mesa has no city laws and is governed by the laws of California itself.
According to the United States Census Bureau, La Mesa has a total area of 24 square miles. This includes the Grossmont district. La Mesa is at 32deg46.17N, 117deg122.2W and is 3277.1450.
La Mesa is located 10 miles east of the Pacific Ocean. La Mesa has a semi-dry steppe climate. There are hot, dry summers and warm winters, with most of the annual rainfall occurring between November and March. But the area is experiencing extreme temperatures, about twice as high as San Diego, most of which are near the ocean.
The city has relatively dry weather with only 13 to 33 cm of annual rainfall. Summer temperatures are hot, with average highs of 78 degrees Celsius (92 degrees Celsius; 26 degrees Celsius to 33 degrees Celsius) and lows of 56 degrees Celsius to 68 degrees Celsius (13 degrees Celsius to 20 degrees Celsius). Winter temperatures are warm, with average highs of 66 degrees Celsius (-7.7 degrees Celsius, -1.9 degrees Celsius, -2.5 degrees Celsius) and lows of 46 degrees Celsius (+ 5.8 degrees Celsius) to 8 degrees Celsius (-1.4 degrees Celsius).
The climate in the San Diego area, as in much of California, differs due to its short geographical distance, resulting in a microclimate. In the case of San Diego, this is due to its topography along the bay and numerous hills, mountains and ravines.
In the absence of June gloom, inland temperatures tend to be higher than in coastal areas. Grey June gloom is a time when a thick layer of sea cloud keeps the air cool and moist within a few miles of the coast, generating bright, cloudless sunshine within 8 to 16 km inland. This happens twice a year, in May and June.